Spinal arthritis is one of the major types of arthritis. As evident from the name, the disease affects the spinal area of the body. It is more common in people who have already crossed the age of 40. The incidence and proportion of spinal arthritis is increasing day by day across the globe and if left untreated, it can lead to major problems.
Main causes of Spinal Arthritis
One of the main causes of spinal arthritis is stress and imbalance. Due to our fast life today, we go through a lot of stress at home, work place or wherever, which in turn creates muscle imbalances and stress in our spine to a great extent and thus the problem is created. Imbalances created in the level of hormones and food intake aggravates the problem to a great extent. It may vary from person to person and accordingly the symptoms are diagnosed.
Some other factors like degenerative disorder of the bones and high calcium formation can also lead to spinal arthritis. At times, injuries and surgeries of the past can also indirectly weaken the spine region and lead to the disease. Whatever is the cause, proper diagnosis and treatment can cure the disease to a great extent.
The most common symptom of spinal arthritis is pain and a feeling of stiffness in the neck, head, shoulders and the back region. Due to high strain, the nerves and tissues in the area become compressed which leads to acute pain. Gradually, the complication starts to increase and in acute stages, the patient may even suffer from deformity of the spine. In some cases, the patients of spinal arthritis can as well suffer from spurs in the bones and herniated discs.
Based on the condition and extent of Spinal arthritis, the symptoms will differ. Patients who are in the preliminary stage will experience lesser complications than the ones in the acute stage. The pain may take place intermittently while some patients may feel unbearable pain for a longer period of time. Some patients may also suffer from irregular urination.
Treatment of spinal arthritis
One of the major treatments of spinal arthritis is to prevent the movement of the neck and the back through the means of a bracing and cervical collar. In cases of acute arthritis, doctors recommend surgery. Some of the commonly used medicines include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, acetaminophen, codeine and morphine and so on. Additionally, one can also opt for alternative treatments such as therapeutic work outs, yoga and relaxation, hot packs, electric and ultrasound stimulation and others.
If diagnosed properly, spinal arthritis can be cured easily and the patient can lead a normal lifestyle with ease.