Approximately 75% of the total number of women had at least one lifetime episode of genital candidiasis infection, also known under the name of yeast infection. Candidiasis is caused by a fungus called Candida Albicans. Candida normally inhabits in the mouth and digestive tract in both sexes, and in some of the situations in the vagina as well. It is also commonly found in skin and mucous membranes.
In case of a healthy body with, the microorganisms that have a protective role and live in the vaginal flora maintain an acid pH that inhibits bacterial growth of pathogenic (this is a very harmful process). Candidiasis occurs in times of immunosuppression, which represents the cases when the level of immunity of the human body is rather low and saprophytic microorganisms can no longer maintain the balance of flora.
How is this yeast infection manifested ?
First of all, one of the most common syndromes is related to a sore and itchy vagina, which is very unpleasant for your body. In addition to this, most of the women also encounter burning on urination and pain during intercourse.
In addition to this, the intensity of all these factors is doubled during menstruation, so therefore you should be really careful and find the right treatment of time if you want to avoid the terrible pain you will expose yourself to further infection.
What are the risk factors ?
In terms of the risk factors, one of the most important ones is related to possible recent Yeast infection treatments with antibiotics, which, besides destroying the flora, they are also harmful for the general condition of the body and Candida will be out of control.
In addition to this, there is also the case of uncontrolled diabetes, which favors the occurrence of frequent infections and pregnancy, as well as hormonal changes in your body.
How can you treat yeast infection ?
Treatment will only be determined by your dermatologist or gynecologist and consists of oral antifungal or local form of eggs. The choice is made after performing an antifungigrame, indicating active substances to which this strain is sensitive to Candida. Hygiene will be filled with the usual local douche with boiled and cooled water in which sodium bicarbonate will be added.
Candida can be also transmitted during sexual intercourse. Even if the partner shows no symptoms, treatment should be followed because there is a risk of reinfection.
Finally, here are some recommendations to prevent the effects of such an infection:
– after local hygiene with soap and warm water (preferably special soap for intimate use that will keep the local pH within the normal range) the area should be dried with a towel
– avoid moisture in the genital area (it is recommended for wet clothes such as swimsuits to be changed as soon as possible)
– use loose underwear, ideally made of cotton
– avoid excessive use of intimate deodorants
– avoid hot water
– tampons should be avoided or limited to times when strictly necessary, because the hot and humid environment is best suited for developing Candida